Is Everything Related to Everything Else???

 

Yes.

You knew that, surely. Let’s look in more detail. Here’s some chords:

       

Key

I

ii

iii

IV

V

vi

vii

C

C

CEG

Dm

DFA

Em

EGB

F

FAC

G

GBD

Am

ACE

Bdim

BDF

F

F

FAC

Gm

GBbD

Am

ACE

Bb

BbDF

C

CEG

Dm

DFA

Edim     

EGBb

G

G

GBD

Am

ACE

Bm

BDF#

C

CEG

D

DF#A

Em

EGB

F#dim

F#AC

Bb

Bb

BbDF

Cm

CEbG

Dm

DFA

Eb

EbGBb

F

FAC

Gm

GBbD

Adim

ACEb

D

D

DF#A

Em

EGB

F#m

F#AC#

G

GBD

A

AC#E

Bm

BDF#

C#dim

C#EG

A

A

AC#E

Bm

BDF#

C#m

C#EG#

D

DF#A

E

EG#B

F#m

F#AC#

G#dim

G#BD

E

E

EG#B

F#m

F#AC#

G#m

G#BD#

A

AC#E

B

BD#F#

C#m

C#EG#

D#dim

D#F#A

 

Not all of them, but enough to be going on with.

 

                                                                                                                                 Watch the video content about this by clicking here.

 

You may have already seen that Rock/pop/bhangra/country‘n’ B don’t like chord vii – the diminished is too weird. They often use a flattened VII  (a major chord) instead :

Key

bVII

Typically bVII resolves to (goes to ) chord IV

IV

C

Bb

F

FAC

 F

Eb

Bb

BbDF

G

F

C

CEG

Bb

Ab

Eb

EbGBb

D

C

G

GBD

A

G

D

DF#A

E

D

A

AC#E

 

                                                                                                                                        Watch the video content about this by clicking here.

 

Oftentimes songs use a major version of a chord ii with an added 7th (II7) This gives a very strong pull to chord V. This can sound like you have momentarily changed key:

  

Key

II7

Typically

resolves to

V

Can use this to change key to:

C

D7

DF#AC

G

GBD

G

 F

G7

GBDF

C

CEG

C

G

A7

AC#EG

D

DF#A

D

Bb

C7

CEGBb

F

FAC

F

D

E7

EG#BD

A

AC#E

A

A

B7

BD#F#A

E

EG#B

E

E

F#7

F#A#C#E

B

BD#F#

B

 

 

 

                                                                                                                                            Watch the video content about this by clicking here.

 

 

 

A bIII chord is sometimes used. Often this gives your music a dark sound. You can hear it in “Iron Man” by Black Sabbath.  It’s sound is also in the riff to “Smoke on the Water” by Deep Purple:

Key

bIII

Typically

resolves to

bVII

Typically bVII resolves to (goes to ) chord IV

IV

C

Eb

EbGBb

Bb

F

FAC

 F

Ab

AbCEb

Eb

Bb

BbDF

G

Bb

BbDF

F

C

CEG

Bb

Ab

AbCEb

Ab

Eb

EbGBb

D

F

FAC

C

G

GBD

A

C

CEG

G

D

DF#A

E

G

GBD

D

A

AC#E

Sometimes bIII will go straight to IV, then on to V for a building feeling eg

G    Bb   C    D

 

                                                                                                                                    Watch the video content about this by clicking here.

 

 

A  iv chord (the minor version)  often gives a dying away weepy sound and often follows a normal chord IV. Don’t forget the m7 for ultra weepiness:

 

Key

IV

Sometimes chord IV resolves to (goes to ) chord iv

iv

iv7

C

F

FAC

Fm

FAbC

Fm7

FAbCEb

 F

Bb

BbDF

Bbm

BbDbF

Bbm7

BbDbFAb

G

C

CEG

Cm

CEbG

Cm7

CEbGBb

Bb

Eb

EbGBb

Ebm

EbGbBb

Ebm7

EbGbBbDb

D

G

GBD

Gm

GBbD

Gm7

GBbDF

A

D

DF#A

Dm

DFA

Dm7

DFA

E

A

AC#E

Am

ACE

Am7

ACE

 

 

                                                                                                                                      Watch the video content about this by clicking here.

 

 

 

Motown songs are famous for their use of major chords on II and III:

Key

I

ii

II

iii

III

C

C

CEG

Dm

DFA

D

DF#A

Em

EGB

E

EG#B

F

F

FAC

Gm

GBbD

G

GBD

Am

ACE

A

AC#E

G

G

GBD

Am

ACE

A

AC#E

Bm

BDF#

B

BD#F#

Bb

Bb

BbDF

Cm

CEbG

C

CEG

Dm

DFA

D

DF#A

D

D

DF#A

Em

EGB

E

EG#B

F#m

F#AC#

F#

F#A#C#

A

A

AC#E

Bm

BDF#

B

BD#F#

C#m

C#EG#

C#

C#E#G#

E

E

EG#B

F#m

F#AC#

F#

F#A#C#

G#m

G#BD#

G#

G#B#D#

 

Remember, we’re mostly talking about “straight” major and minors here, but you could do the same with 7ths, 9ths, 13ths, whatever.

 

                                                                                                                                         Watch the video content about this by clicking here.

Watch the video summing up by clicking here.

Back to Ultimate Learning Zone

Home

When it happens...it happens at Holly Lodge