Key Stage 3 Learning Zone - Get Going Reading Music 4
This is the last time we will meet like this. We have travelled far and explored many new lands, but now we stand at a crossroads and must part company. Before I leave you to face the trials of this wicked world alone, there are but a few more truths I must share with you to enable you to wear the badge of “Blues Brother / Soul Sister” and all that read it will tremble in their addidas sambas at the sight.
4.Time Signature. This tells you how many notes to put in each bar, and the sort of rhythm it has:
4 is the most common time signature. The 4 at the top tells you there should be
4 4 beats to the bar. The 4 at the bottom tells you the rhythm is in crotchets. (one footstamp = 1 crotchet, and there are 4 stamps in a bar. That’s the underlying rhythm. You can go as crazy as you like with your other limbs) It’s all about how many notes there are in a semibreve – there’s 4 crotchets in a semibreve. That’s how you know. If it had been a 2 at the bottom, you’d’ve been beating Minims because there’s two minims in a semibreve – if it said 8 you’d be working with quavers. Usually. Ok, that was hard. You might have to trust me on this one.
3 is the next commonest time. Here you’ve got 3 crotchets to a bar. This is like a WALTZ (boo, hiss, nasty nasty)
C D E F G A B C
I----Tone----I----Tone----I---- Semi ----I----Tone----I----Tone----I---- Tone----I----Semi----I
To save you the effort of keep writing in the sharps and flats, you can put them all at the beginning instead. Here are some examples.
Note which order and line or space the notes go in
KEY G – F# KEY D – F# C# KEY A – F#C#G#
KEY F - Bb KEY Bb – Bb Eb KEY Eb – Bb Eb Ab
MINOR keys share key signatures with the Major key 3 (inclusive) up.
Em is the same as G major, Bm is the same as D major, F#m is the same as A
Dm is the same as F, Gm is the same as Bb, Cm is the same as Eb
Well, that’s about it then. Apart from all the many things we haven’t covered. Don’t forget to tap your foot, and never leave home without a jar of peanut butter.
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